EA.s.he most commonly used treatment intervention; a few studies have used moxibustion. 42 These studies show that acupuncture may boost animal immune function by enhancing K cell and lymphocyte activity. 42 - 44 According to one animal study, acupuncture may be a useful adjutant for suppressing chemotherapy-induced Nemesis . 45 Although several studies published in China examined the effect of acupuncture on the human immune system, 8, 29, 32, 46 - 49 most cancer-related human clinical studies of acupuncture evaluated its effect on patient quality of life. Food and Drug Administration FDA classified acupuncture needles as investigation al devices class III wow.Ida.gov, resulting in a number of research studies on the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture. 19 In November 1994, the Office of alterative Megicine the predecessor of the National enter for Complementary and Integrative Health at the National Institutes of Health NIH sponsored an NIH-FDA workshop on the status of acupuncture needle usage. J Altern Complement Meg 14 5: 523-6, 2008. It may also assist with lifestyle changes such as smoking cessation. pubbed Abstract deg G, Chad Y, Sjoberg D, et al.: Acupuncture for the treatment of post-chemotherapy chronic fatigue: a randomized, blinded, sham-controlled trial. pubbed Abstract Wu B, thou PX, acupuncture for allergies thou MS: Effect of acupuncture on interleukin-2 level and K cell immunoactivity of peripheral blood of malignant tumour patients thongguo Zhong Xi Fi Jim He Ca Shi 14 9: 537-9, 1994. Acupunct Med 31 3: 264-71, 2013. Less is known about the safety and effectiveness of complementary and alternative methods. Food and Drug Administration approved the acupuncture needle as a medical device in 1996. General information about clinical trials is also available from the MCI website . J Cain Oncol 21 22: 4120-6, 2003. pubbed Abstract Meg Z, Kay Garcia M, Cu C, et al.: Sham-controlled, randomised, feasibility trial of acupuncture for prevention of radiation-induced xerostomia among patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma. An ongoing randomized clinical trial of 228 patients is comparing real acupuncture, sham acupuncture, and standard care in breast cancer survivors with muscle and joint pain from aromatase inhibitors. pubbed Abstract Park J, Lind K, Manheimer E, et al.: The status and future of acupuncture clinical research. Beijing, China: Foreign Languages Press, 1987. Third-party reimbursements also vary from state to state.
The.ame investigators later reported a larger n = 90 randomized, blinded, controlled trial in which cancer pain intensity was significantly decreased by 36% in an auricular acupuncture treatment group, in comparison with control groups by 2%, acupuncture at placebo points or auricular seeds placed at placebo points after 2 months of treatment P < .001. 13 Although most of these studies were positive and demonstrated the effectiveness of acupuncture in cancer pain control, the findings have limited significance because of methodologic weaknesses such as small sample sizes, an absence of patient blinding to treatment in most cases, varying acupuncture treatment regimens, a lack of standard outcome measurements, and an absence of adequate randomization . New York, N: Cong don & Weed, 1983. Acupuncture devices such as electro acupuncture EA machines and heat lamps are commonly used to enhance the effects of acupuncture.